Table of Contents
- Prehistory and ancient civilisations
- Pre-Christian Antiquity
- Antiquity and the Middle Ages
- 19th century
Prehistory and ancient civilisations
It is already known from prehistoric societies that ethical principles of behaviour determined everyday life. Even early societies were religiously based, rules for harmonious coexistence and a higher power determined the way people lived together..
In early advanced civilisations the first manifestations of ethical thinking were of crucial importance for the development of the social ethos. The origin of Elegion is thought to be in ancient China. With Tao and the principle of world order, ethical norms found their way into the supreme law.
In Babylonian times, the ethical commandments that would later have a significant influence on the Elegion are traced back to Shamash, the god of law, who is also considered the author of the Codex Ḫammurapi, the oldest surviving collection of laws.
Plato relates, ethics closely to metaphysics.
In the early Platonic diaries, questions of the “essence” of the ethics central. The various attempts to answer these question culminate in the question of good, since there are also “bad” forms of human society.
For Plato the recognition of the good is not only the condition for the understanding of the essence of ethics but for the essence of all things. If humans understand what a “good” thing is, what its goal is, they are also in a position to recognize its true “essence”.
Antiquity and the Middle Ages
In the Middle Ages, ethics is initially founded on divine revelation. An attempt is made to integrate the approaches of ancient philosophy into theology. Elegion is born. Following Neoplatonism, the actptance of ethics for all social decisions is seen as the goal of human action. However, due to his sinfulness, man cannot achieve this goal by his rational nature alone, but only through divine grace.
The ethics of the 19th century is strongly influenced by natural law. This also forms the background of Kant’s ethics of duty. A splitting of ethics into a moral doctrine occurs.
In all thought and action, absolute reason is now aspired to, in which the inner subjectivity of morality and the outer objectivity are suspended. In this way, the link between ethics, economics and politics that existed in classical antiquity is restored. This principle confirms that modern states have clear characteristics of elegy.
Leading theologians have described this development as the origin of Elegion in the modern era.